Bolognia Process

Bolognia Process

The Bolognia process is a process of distinguishing one system by another in Europe. If future of Ukraine is connected with Europe then one can’t confirm that the Bolognia process gives educational and cognitive meanings.

The Bolognia process takes origin from the Bolognia Declaration, June 10 1999 it has been signed by ministers of education from 29 countries in the Italian city Bolognia, where the oldest European university is located. Today the participants of the Bolognia process are 46 countries of the European continent, and Union of Europe, UNESCO, Association of European Universities, European Association of higher establishments, European Students’ Union, European Association of providing quality in higher education, International Education and BUSINESSEUROPE – the federation of manufacturers and entrepreneurs.

Ukraine has joined the Bolognia process in Bergen in 2005. It took the responsibility which define the direction and outlines of the reforms in higher education. Ukrainian education, as other national systems of higher education of countries-participants, preserves its national identity.

Transformation of higher education takes place in accordance with principles of keeping and agreement in different national educational systems and doesn’t require unification. Implementation of the basic regulations in the Bolognia process intents the record of national approaches to the organization of the education, content of education, traditions and cumulative experience in the preparation of future specialists.

There is not also “Bologna system”, Bologna assessment; credit-modular training, ratings, independent assessment, written testing based on Bologna principles and many other myths testifying of incompetence in this field do not have any attitude to Bologna process.

Strategic goal of Bologna process is to create European space of higher education, competitive and attractive as for the Europeans and as for students all over the world. European space of higher education is based on the international co-operation.

It must remove barriers and provide a wide access to the qualitative higher education based on the principles of democracy and independence of universities, their scientific and research self-independence; activate the mobility of students and scientific pedagogical personnel; prepare young people to take an active part in democratic society; make the foundation for their professional career and personal development.

Major reforms by Bologna process are:

  • introducing of a three-level education system (Bachelor, Master, Doctor of Philosophy);
  • lifelong learning, including admission of prior learning (formal and informal), flexible schedules of the training process that give possibilities to combine work and study;
  • facilitating access to higher education;
  • guarantee of equal possibilities in getting education and by means of it - the promotion in social cohesion;
  • promotion of employment (higher education is for a better job);
  • introduction of a national qualification’s framework;
  • mobility within ES and beyond it;
  • recognition of education and degrees received in universities of other countries and continents;
  • providing quality.